What is NAVIC? Here’s all you need to know about India’s own GPS

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On the off chance that you are following the Indian smartphone scene intently, particularly via online media, you make certain to have gone over the term NavIC in the previous week, if not prior. NavIC has been gaining a ton of popularity of late, not on the grounds that it’s a mechanical forward leap for India, yet in addition due to smartphone brands fighting to profess to be quick to present it on their smartphone.

In the event that you need to know how everything started and the new development identified with NavIC support on Snapdragon 865, we have devoted articles where we tried the case ourselves just as one that addresses a couple of inquiries you may have.

This article, be that as it may, is more conventional and aims to explain the working of NavIC and its advantages. Deal with this more like an explainer in the configuration of as often as possible posed inquiries. It’s imperative to understand what NavIC genuinely is and on the off chance that it is truly worthwhile prior to quarrels over who had it first on their telephone, so here we go.

What is NavIC?

Navic is the operational name of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) created by ISRO. Dissimilar to GPS which is a Global following star grouping, Navic has been intended to zero in especially in India and bordering areas (1500 Kms around India) and is a critical accomplishment for the country.

NavIC’s Standard Positioning Service (SPS) will be accessible to regular folks, however, the framework likewise has another degree of Restrictive Service (RS) that is scrambled and significantly more exact ( in the scope of 1 to 5 meters), and implied for protection applications and use by the military.

All things considered, Navic should incorporate 7 satellites and 2 reinforcement satellites, however, the Atomic clock of the principal satellite, IRNSS 1A, quit working and the dispatch of IRNSS 1H was intended to supplant the damaged satellite fizzled. The IRNSS 1I dispatched later at long last supplanted IRNSS 1A and finished the star grouping.

Later on, ISRO will add more satellite to the framework with home created Atomic timekeepers to additionally improve NavIC

Why NavIC Developed?

NavIC was created by ISRO to accomplish better area accuracy for regular citizen use, yet principally for the activities of the military. The US government doesn’t give delicate GPS data to different nations which led to NavIC. Back in 1999, when Pakistani soldiers took positions in Kargil, India moved toward the US to get GPS information of the locale and this solicitation was denied. This caused India to understand the significance of having a native satellite navigation framework which brought about NavIC.

How NavIC work?

For some specific situation, such an area-based service requires your gadget to speak with a satellite in a circle. For this correspondence to happen, there are various recurrence groups that can be utilized. GPS, for instance, utilizes the ‘L’ band – L1 and L5 to be explicit. These groups are only a mode for the signs to travel, very much like how Wi-Fi signals from your switch travel over the 2.4GHz or 5GHz groups.

NavIC is a double band GNSS framework that utilizes both ‘L’ just as ‘S’ groups. It uses the L5 band for regular citizen use, while the ‘S’ band is restricted to military use cases. It has seven satellites in a circle out of which 6 are open through the L5 band. For additional precision, ISRO plans to dispatch a sum of 11 satellites into space for NavIC. GPS, which covers the whole Earth, has 24 satellites.

How is NavIC different from GPS?

GPS utilizes something known as geosynchronous satellites whose positions are not fixed regarding a specific area on Earth. NavIC, then again, for the most part, depends on geostationary satellites whose positions are fixed concerning a specific area, which for this situation, is India. The satellites follow Earth’s circle and henceforth are consistently over a specific fixed area on the Earth’s surface. While this is now more gainful, geostationary satellites are arranged in a higher circle which implies there are lesser checks yet additionally more vulnerable signs.

Is NavIC better than GPS?

Undoubtedly, yes. NavIC can arrive at a precision of up to 5-10 meters though GPS is, for the most part, accepted to have an exactness of up to 20m. The precision, yet NavIC is said to have a quicker lock on schedule, which is actually alluded to as Time To First Fix (TTFF). This means NavIC can distinguish your exact area quicker than GPS even in thick metropolitan regions with loads of tall structures and obstructions.

Who will benefit from this GPS system?

Better location data provided by NAVIC will particularly help the fishermen at sea, armed forces and emergency services.

For fishermen:

NavIC Fisher


For armed forces:

NavIC-Armed
Source: OfficeChai/ YouTube


For emergency services:

NavIC-emergency-services
Source: OfficeChai/ YouTube

List of satellite

SatelliteSVNPRNInt. Sat. IDNORAD IDLaunch DateLaunch VehicleOrbitStatusRemarks
IRNSS-1AI001I012013-034A391991 July 2013PSLV-XL-C22Geosynchronous (IGSO) / 55°E, 29° inclined orbitPartial FailureAtomic clocks failed.The satellite is being used for NavIC’s short message broadcast service.
IRNSS-1BI002I022014-017A396354 April 2014PSLV-XL-C24Geosynchronous (IGSO) / 55°E, 29° inclined orbitOperational
IRNSS-1CI003I032014-061A4026916 October 2014PSLV-XL-C26Geostationary (GEO) / 83°E, 5° inclined orbitOperational
IRNSS-1DI004I042015-018A4054728 March 2015PSLV-XL-C27Geosynchronous (IGSO) / 111.75°E, 31° inclined orbitOperational
IRNSS-1EI005I052016-003A4124120 January 2016PSLV-XL-C31Geosynchronous (IGSO) / 111.75°E, 29° inclined orbitOperational
IRNSS-1FI006I062016-015A4138410 March 2016PSLV-XL-C32Geostationary (GEO) / 32.5°E, 5° inclined orbitOperational
IRNSS-1GI007I072016-027A4146928 April 2016PSLV-XL-C33Geostationary (GEO) / 129.5°E, 5.1° inclined orbitOperationalThe satellite is being used for NavIC’s short message broadcast service.
IRNSS-1H31 August 2017PSLV-XL-C39Launch FailedThe payload fairing failed to separate and satellite could not reach the desired orbit.It was meant to replace defunct IRNSS-1A.
IRNSS-1II0092018-035A4328612 April 2018PSLV-XL-C41Geosynchronous (IGSO) / 55°E, 29° inclined orbitOperational

NVS series satellite

SatelliteSVNPRNInt. Sat. IDNORAD IDLaunch DateLaunch VehicleOrbitStatusRemarks
NVS-01November 2021GSLV-MK2 F-14Geostationary (GEO) / 129.5°E, 5.1° inclined orbitPlannedThe planned replacement of IRNSS-1G. Features extended lifespan and new civilian payload for low-power devices.
NVS-02Geosynchronous (IGSO), 42° inclined orbitPlanned
NVS-03Geosynchronous (IGSO), 42° inclined orbitPlanned
NVS-04Geosynchronous (IGSO), 42° inclined orbitPlanned
NVS-05Geosynchronous (IGSO), 42° inclined orbitPlanned

Which chipsets currently support NavIC?

At the hour of composing, the Snapdragon 720G, Snapdragon 690, Snapdragon 888, Snapdragon 765, Snapdragon 662 and Snapdragon 460 accompany official help for NavIC. While the Snapdragon 865 has the necessary equipment, it needs a firmware overhaul to help NavIC which will turn out in April this year. This simply implies that these chipsets have coordinated help for NavIC.

List of Phones with NavIC Support

The first phone in Quite a while with NavIC support is Realme X50 Pro 5G. Realme and Xiaomi have both affirmed that they are chipping away at more NavIC upheld phones.

The previously set of Qualcomm chipsets will have single-recurrence recipients that track the L5 band, the brand will later acquire double recurrence collectors that can follow both L5 and S-band for higher exactness.

In the event that you are befuddled, Google Maps and other area based applications will not need to roll out any improvements to profit by the new turn of events. Qualcomm Location Suite, that right now upholds 7 star groupings, will be answerable for following your area and giving it to applications that require it.List of NavIC Supported Phones is:

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